Readying the new vines that were planted on the test vineyard this past spring for fall/winter! Tying up the vines to the bamboo canes a pulling up it taking off the grow tubes so they can harden off before the first hard frost.
The late spring got us behind the late frost set us back and the hail we received in early June cause a lot of damage to the growth and flower buds that did survive the frost. The vines had a great recovery after the hail with lots of new healthy foliage and some new flower buds. This put the flowers/fruit at different stages so we are attempting to get two different crops off of our Brianna vines-the fruit that set off of the original shoots and the fruit that set after the hail (first crop/second crop).
A Good Year...
It ended up being a fantastic year in the vineyard! This was our fourth growing season, so we were looking forward to a "full" crop/harvest in much of the vineyard. We didn't have any issues with early growth+frost or late frost, which was our biggest problem last year (2012), where we saw early bud break on our acre of Marquette and acre of La Crescent in late March early April. Shoots were 1-3" long and had already sent out their flower buds... Knowing we can receive a frost up to the first week in May, this was cause of concern. We received a frost April 10th and 11th which caused us to loose the growth and flower buds that we had as well as completely killing some of those buds. This set our Marquette and La Crescent vines back at least one year and we spent time replacing cordons with shoots that had come from the trunks.
We started pruning in late winter, finish early spring and had a great start to 2013 with a decent amount of moisture in the spring of which we missed out on in 2012, with little rainfall in the summer, good for vineyards - they don't like wet feet! and this also reduces disease/fungal pressure. We spent many hours in the vineyard thinning flower buds and shoots to the amount we thought the plant could ripen the grapes to their full potential. Combing, combing, combing... We also took time to position the growth of the top growing wire downward which allows for better sun penetration to the foliage and fruit, air circulation, easier harvest, and in the end, easier to prune - still looking forward to that. ;) Weeds... It is starting to become easier to keep the row free of "weeds" as the vines continue to have a hardier, more woody trunk.
We allowed our half acre of Brianna, half acre of Frontenac Gris, and acre of Frontenac to have a full crop, leaving most of the flower buds but keeping the amount per plant to 72ish flower buds giving us 72ish grape clusters, ideally. Because of the issues we had in the Marquette and La Crescent vineyard in 2012 spring, we kept those to half a crop, removing half of the flower buds.
We harvested our Brianna August 17th at 17 brix. Brianna is harvested a little less ripe to keep the fresh, fruity flavors - that pineapple, banana that we love in the wine!
A huge thank you to everyone who came out to help with harvest this year! We could not have done it without you! After 4 years of growth - the training, the thinning, the combing, the pruning in the bitter cold... It was so rewarding to see such beautiful berries. Looking forward to tasting the 2013 vintages! Cheers!
Pruning is going great! Done with the Frontenac and the Frontenac Gris- I have gone through and cleaned up the Marquette, (they had a rough and messy year last year from the early growth/frost last April). I will be going through again when we are closer to bud break and chances of frost have past to do the final pruning. I am now going through the La Crescent, and then on to the Brianna!
I began pruning today with the Frontenac vines. Hoping for a "normal" spring, and to not see green until May! If you are curious how we decide what to prune, click HERE to see a great step by step video about we decide what to prune put together by our Viticulture Instructor from DMACC. Enjoy this sunny day!
We had our first hard freeze a couple nights ago- so things are a little crispy in the vineyard! The vines have had a chance to harden off pretty decently the past couple weeks with nighttime temperatures gradually lowering so they were ready for it. (stems became more woody rather than green) Happy Fall!